In Srimad Bhagvatam, it is mentioned that
na kiṅkaro nāyam ṛṇī ca rājan
sarvātmanā yaḥ śaraṇaṁ śaraṇyaṁ
gato mukundaṁ parihṛtya kartam” (SB 11.5.41)
Every human being is obliged and has an obligation? We are under whose obligation? Demigods – Sun God, He gives us heat and light; moon nourishes our eatables and like that Indra, Chandra, Surya, Brihaspati, they all are demigods and are supplying. They are supplying and they don’t send bill for what they are supplying so we are indebted to them.
We are obliged to cow and ox. Ox is tilting the ground and cow is giving us milk, butter, butter milk, ghee, etc. Mother Cow is nurturing us so we are under obligation to cow and ox.
We are indebted to our forefathers also. Why? because they not only brought us to this human form of life which is very rare and valuable but also nourished us, nurtured us. They provided us food, clothing and education so we are indebted to them.
Those who are cent percent surrendered and are serving Krishna, they are not under any obligation of “devarṣi-bhūtāpta-nṛṇāṁ pitṝṇāṁ na kiṅkaro nāyam ṛṇī ca rājan”. Why? Because they are surrendered and are serving Krishna. “Sarvātmanā”, the king is dependent on Krishna, demigods are dependent on Krishna and everybody else. Just by supplying food to the stomach, we automatically nourish our hands, nose, ear, whole body so simultaneously, serving Krishna, “sarvātmanā yaḥ śaraṇaṁ śaraṇyaṁ”, by surrendering to Krishna we pay up our debt.
Why perform Shradh Ceremony?
So that we can relieve our ancestors from the hellish conditions, suffering condition.
If we are not cent percent surrendered to Krishna then we must perform Shradh. Lord Ramchandra did, he performed for Dashrath Maharaj, pinda daan. There was no question of Dashrath Maharaj going to hellish conditions because Lord Ramchandra was his direct son. It is the greatest fortune to have Krishna as your son, God as your son, Dashrath Maharaj will never suffer from hellish conditions, go to hell, even then Lord Ramchandra performed shradh. Lord Chaitanya is God himself, he also went to Gaya to perform Shradh Ceremony for his departed father, Jagannath Misra. So if we are not cent percent surrendered then we must perform Shradh Ceremony to pay up our debt to our forefathers, to relieve them from their hellish conditions.
How to perform Shradh?
It is stated in Srimad Bhagvatam that one must call pure brahman and perform the ceremony. One must cook sumptuous, beautiful, tasty, rich prasadam and that one has to offer to Lord Vishnu. This is written in Srimad Bhagvatam that first one must offer it Krishna, Vishnu, Ram, Narayan, Laxman and then one must offer to the Brahmans. When Advaita Acharya performed Shradh Ceremony of his father, first, he offered to a vaishnava, not even brahmans and Srila Haridasa Thakur was the most exalted vaishnava present there; He was a Muslim, he was not within varnashrama even, not even a brahman but a pure vaishnava. After offering to the Lord, one must offer to the vaishnavas, then one must offer to brahmans and then to one’s relatives, after that one is supposed to offer to people in general, beggars and after everything is over, one is supposed to honour that prasadam and give dakshina to brahmans, vaishnavas, the best donation is to vaishnavas. One should do it with faith and that will relieve one’s ancestors from the pangs of maya, suffering.
One thing we have to get rid of is envy.
If somebody is envious of Krishna or His devotees, then we can exhibit anger. We can use our anger like Hanuman, who set Lanka on fire. Arjuna, who fought on the whole battlefield of Kurukshetra, with anger.
“Lobha sadhusange harikatha.”
Engaging our greediness to hear about Krishna, to hear about His holyname, to chant. We can dovetail all these things but envy we cannot, we have to get rid of it.
Unless we get rid of our envy, no entry into the spiritual world because that is the root cause of going there. We became envious of Krishna so we have to get rid of envy, we cannot dovetail envy into Krsna Consciousness.
By going to a person whom we are envious of and by learning from that person of all what we are envious of. As for example, we saw somebody’s BMW or Rolls Royce and we became envious of him.
Srila Rupa Goswami defines envy in Ujjvala Nilamani as to become asahishnu, by looking at other people’s good thing, you become intolerant. So you go to that person and learn from him that how he became successful to have a Rolls Royce and you learn from him, you submit to him. That’s how you can get rid of envy by going to the same person you are envious of, you have to go to him.
Just like there is a story in Puranas. Narada Muni, he is a Gandharva and Tumbaru is also a Gandharva. Narada Muni and Tumbaru go to Vishnu, Narayana in Vaikuntha and they both played their vina, their instruments like a competition.
Who is the best? So, Lord said Tumbaru is better and Narada became very envious, “I’m a devotee, I’ve so much devotion to my Lord Vishnu, Narayana,” and he became very envious. So how to get rid of envy?
He went back to Narayana and said, “You go to Tumbaru and you learn the art of playing vina from Tumbaru and that’s the only way you can get rid of your envy.” So, Narada Muni went to Tumbaru, became submissive and made him his master. “Please teach me how to play vina.” He learnt from him and then both went to Narayana and this time Narayana said, “Oh! Narada Muni is the best.”
That’s how we can get rid of envy, if you’re intolerant of good qualities of others, so you should go to that devotee, pray to Prabhupada that please help me develop this quality, Krishna would like it.
Prabhupada says, “Imitation of a good thing is good.” So if somebody has a good quality and you imitate and learn it, you develop that good quality but if you say, “He has a good quality,” and you become envious of him, you beat him, you look down upon him, then that is bad. If you try to develop his good qualities then that is good, that is not envy.
Envy means ahasahisnu, to become intolerant and to burn yourself, jealousy, become jealous because he has a Rolls Royce, you become jealous of him and you try to kill him because you don’t have, that is envy. But if you don’t have a good quality but you try to build up that good quality, then that is good, not intolerant. You are tolerating and you are raising yourself to that standard so that’s what Narada Muni did, he raised himself to Tumbaru’s standard or even beyond him.
There are many explanations of the Mahamantra by our different acharyas, Shat Goswamis, Jiva Goswami, Rupa Sanatan Goswami and Bhaktivinod Thakur, so many.
But we are very well versed with the explanation of Srila Prabhupada’s explanation to Hare Krishna Mahamantra, He said that ‘Hare’ is the address to Mother Hara and Mother Hara is Srimati Radharani, pleasure potency of Krishna.
So ‘Hara’ becomes ‘Hare’ when we address, this is Sanskrit grammar, Sita becomes Site , Radha becomes Radhey.
So Hare is the address to Srimati Radharani, Mother Hara. And we are praying to Mother Hara, “My dear Radharani, please engage me in Krishna’s transcendental loving devotional service.”
That is the meaning of Hare Krishna Mahamantra. That please Radharani give me transcendental loving service to Krishna.
We are supposed to serve Krishna, throughout the day, 24 hours a day , eternally. So please I have forgotten my constitutional position to serve Krishna, please engage me Krishna’s transcendental loving devotional service.
And why do we want to get engage in His service? Because if we serve dog, dog will love us, if we serve God, God will love us.
We want to serve Lord Krishna, so that He can love us, which is the topmost goal.
“He can love us , we can love Him”.
If we love somebody, first thing we do is service. Without service, there is no question of love.
This is the meaning of Hare Krishna Mahamantra. That is why we propagate this mantra so that people can chant, get rid off all the sins, become pious and ultimately they develop the pure love for Krishna. When we develop pure love for God, Krishna, then automatically we love His creation, such as birds, beasts, cows, human beings, trees, Demigods.